Hong Kong, known as the Oriental Pearl, is an international financial, business services, and shipping center, and has been voted the world's freest economy by the Heritage Foundation of the U.S. for 25 consecutive years, and ranking only after Singapore in 2020. Hong Kong is a vibrant city and also a major gateway to mainland China. Hong Kong’s economic development mainly includes financial services, tourism, trade and logistics, and professional and other industrial and commercial support services. In recent years, Hong Kong has also committed to promoting innovation, technology, culture, creativity, and environmental protection industries.
Although, on July 1, 1997, Hong Kong has become a special administrative region of the People's Republic of China, Hong Kong still keeps its original system and lifestyle according to Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. Therefore, Hong Kong still retains its independent intellectual property authority, the Intellectual Property Department of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
Patent protections in Hong Kong categorized into three types, namely standard patents, short-term patents, and designs. In addition, Hong Kong also provides of other intellectual property protections, including trademark registration, copyright, trade secret (undisclosed commercial information), integrated circuit layout design (topography) and plant variety protection.
- Standard patent (O)
Hong Kong implemented a new regulations of patent on December 19, 2019, standard patent (O), which allows applicants to submit applications directly to the Intellectual Property Department in Hong Kong.
- Standard patent (R) application
The grant of a standard patent (R) in the Hong Kong SAR is based on a patent granted by one of three patent offices, called 'designated patent offices'
- Short-term patent
Short-term patents are one of the two types of patents granted in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and applications for such patents have to be made to the Patents Registry.
Designs of various products can be registered, including computers, telephones, CD players, textiles, jewelry, and watches.
A trademark is a sign used to identify the goods and services of different merchants. Trademarks can consist of words (including personal names), signs, design patterns, letters, typefaces, numbers, graphic elements, colors, sounds, smells...
Copyright is the right given to the owner of an original work. This right can subsist in literary works such as books and computer software, musical works such as musical compositions, dramatic works such as plays, artistic works such as drawings,